How To Make Tassels And Fringe Tassels

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Tassels

Cut a cardboard gage the length you wish tassel to be. Wrap floss or yarn over and over the cardboard; tie a thread through the upper end and cut through lower end (Ill. #1). Wrap thread around upper end several times to hold tassel together (III. #2).

Fringe

Cut a piece of double heavy brown paper the width you wish fringe to be and long enough to fit the part to which it will be attached. Fasten end and wrap floss or yarn over paper gauge, laying strands close together but not overlapping. Machilne stitch across top about 1/2" from edge. Cut strands at bottom (Ill. #1). Tear away lower part of paper (Ill. #2). Turn in and topstitch edge to top of fringe. Remove remaining paper.

Knotted Fringe, No. 1

Cut paper gauge width of length of fringe. Wrap with yarn or floss. Cut at one edge. Insert crochet hook into finished fabric edge; pick up several strands of fringe at looped end with hook and pull through fabric Pull ends through loop to fasten (Ill. #1).

Knotted Fringe, No. 2

Good for firm fabrics. Use two or more strands of yarn in large darner.(Ill. #1). Work from right to left, bringing needle up through fabric above hem. Take stitches about 1 /4" apart, forming loop of desired length. Continue, spacing stitches evenly. Cut loops. Knot yarn of each stitch. Trim.

Tassels
Self Fringe

Trim fabric edge on the grain before fringing. Pull threads until fringe is desired length (ILL. #l). Prevent further ravelling with fine machine stitching across top of fringe.

Pompons

Secure many long strands of yarn between heavy pins. Tie a thread at intervals tightly. Cut yarn between these threads (Ill. #1). Roll between the palms of your hands to form pompon. Trim evenly into a ball (Ill. #2).

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Types Of Hat Anchorages

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THREE-TIERED HAT GRIPPER Material Required

1-1/2 Yds. velvet tubing. 1-1/2 Yds. wire.

Method

Cut one piece of wire 21" long. Cut one piece of wire 17" long. Cut one piece of wire 13" long„

Cut velvet tubing in the same lengths as the wire above.

Insert wires into tubing, using pliers to turn ends.

First row, 21". Turn each end 6" into circle - center 9". Second row, 17". Turn each end 5" into circle - center 7". Third row, 13". Turn each end 4" into circle - center 5".

Place rows together and sew velvet tubing together on underside in hat between circles. Shape to back of head and sew around headsize in back.

Combs

Combs may be used to hold hat securely on head. These combs are equipped with metal ends on elastic to be slipped through headband.

Single Hat Gripper

The single round head gripper fits any headsize and is sewn all around headsize. This gripper is available in many colors at all Millinery Supply Houses.

Helpful Hints

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How To Make Pads For Pressing

Make pads of several different shapes (use old shoulder pads taken out of your dresses). Use three or four together, and cover with a piece of heavy cotton cloth. This will make a three-cornered pad, easy to slip into corners.
For all-purpose use, make an oblong pad. Fold old material for this pad, and again cover with a piece of heavy cotton cloth.

Stitcillng Designs On Fabric Hats

Start with a simple design on brim or on crown. Baste evenly each line of stitching with a white basting thread. Do not try elaborate designs until you are able to stitch perfectly even.

Gluing Fabrics

Have materials fitted and ready to put on hat. Apply a thin coat of glue to frame ai allow frame to dry about five minutes. Ap ply another coat of glue to frame, then stretch fabric in place and smooth fabric over glued surface, Be careful not to us< too much glue or to get any glue on the right side of fabric.

Steaming Dents Out Of Buckram Frame

Steam any dents out of buckram frame before using. Carefully pass frame through steam, holding your fingers under dent, and keeping finger there until frame is cool. Only a few seconds are required. Do not hold frame in steam, but just pass frame slowly through steam.

Rope Pad

Make a rope pad 1" x 15". Buy paper rop and cover it with heavy cotton cloth. Or, make a tube of heavy material 1" x 15", and stuff it with cotton, but be sure rope is smooth. This pad is used to press on round brims, etc.

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custom fitted hat
custom fitted hat

Beading Fur Felt

Use thread in same color as felt for sewing on beads. Slip a bead on needle, then instead of pushing needle through to wrong side of felt, slip needle through felt layers to where you want next bead. This is possible because fur felt is made by pressing many layers of felt together. This procedure prevents stitches from showing on inside, as only a headband is used in a felt hat - no lining.

Sewing On Sequins

Narrow or wide bands of sequins, or sequin motifs are pinned in place and slip-stitched to the garment. Single sequins are sewed on with a bead in the center (Ill. #1). Rows of sequins are applied with a backstitch (Ill. #2).

Beading

Sew each bead on with a backstitch. This is usually done in rows (Ill. #3).

Bead Ornaments

Instead of using a jewelled or beaded ornament as the finishing touch on a hat, design your own ornamental motif. Blend beads with sequins, colored stones with pearls, metal thread with bright colored floss. There is practically no limit to combinations which may be devised to make these motifs, and they can be applied in many novel ways - to fasten a drape or bow, or to hold a feather fancy or quill.

Sizing Velvet For Making Flowers And Some Berets

Place several pieces of gum arabic in a container. Cover with cold water and let stand until pieces are dissolved. Strain to be sure all lumps are dissolved. Test on the back of a small piece of velvet. The solution may be too stiff and have to be diluted some. Stretch the velvet on a loom and lightly paint the back with solution and let dry. If not stiff enough, apply another coat. Be careful that the solution does not soak through to the right side of material.

Teen Age Stitched Tam

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custom fitted hat

Material Required

1 /3 Yd. material.
1/3 Yd. corded silk for lining.
1 Sheet of sheet-wadding.

Method

Baste sheet-wadding to wrong side of material. Lay pattern on right side of material and cut out. Mark quilting design with basting thread, then quilt each piece before assembling them (Ill. #1). Then baste all pieces of tarn together. Machine stitch (Ill. #2). Remove bastings and steam press seams (Ill. #3).

Ornament For Top

Roll a piece of tarn material to desired size (Ill. #4) and overcast together (Ill #5). Then sew to tarn top (Ill. #6).

Lining

Lay pattern on corded silk and cut out. Baste all pieces together and machine stitch. Slip lining into tarn with wrong sides together. Turn lining edge and tarn edge under 1/4" and stitch around headsize (Ill. #7).

Macillne Quilting

Baste sheet-wadding to wrong side of fabric. Mark first line of quilting space as needed for desired effect.

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custom fitted hat

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